High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Gray matter heterotopia (singular heterotopion) is a neurological disorder caused by clumps of grey matter being located in the wrong part of the brain. It is characterized as a type of cortical dysplasia. The neurons in heterotopia appear to be normal, except for their mislocation- nuclear studies have shown glucose metabolism equal to that of normally positioned gray matter.
The condition causes a variety of symptoms, but usually includes some degree of epilepsy or recurring seizures, and often affects the brains ability to function on higher levels. Symptoms range from nonexistent to profound- the condition is occasionally discovered by brain imaging performed for an unrelated problem and has no apparent ill effect on the patient. At the other extreme, heterotopia can result in severe seizure disorder, loss of motor skills, and mental retardation. Fatalities are practically unknown, other than the death of unborn male fetuses with a specific genetic defect.